Richard Wagner and the Third Reich
WAGNER SOCIETY OF SCOTLAND
Monthly talk: 3rd April, 2016
Derek Williams: http://www.derekwilliams.net
Wagner Society of Scotland: http://www.wagnerscotland.net
Link to transcript: https://www.academia.edu/25870714/Richard_Wagner_and_the_Third_Reich
Long before Richard Wagner emerged as a political and theatrical figure around the time of Bismarck’s 1871 German unification, which gave full citizenship to Germany’s Jewish minority, antisemitism was already ubiquitous and entrenched.
Martin Luther in his 1543 treatise ‘On Jews and their Lies’, had urged that rabbis be forbidden to preach, their prayer books destroyed, Jewish synagogues, schools and homes set afire, and that the Jews’ money and property should be confiscated. They should be shown neither kindness nor mercy, nor should they be afforded legal protection. Luther wrote that “these poisonous envenomed worms» should be either permanently expelled or drafted into forced labour. When he wrote, «we are at fault in not slaying them» however, Luther was in effect advocating genocide.
Against this iniquitous background, Wagner’s antisemitism is comprehensively set, not only in contemporary literature, but by himself in his twice published treatise ‘Das Judenthum in der Musik’, alongside other writings and personal correspondence. Nevertheless, prominent Jews numbered amongst Wagner’s closest friends, for example, his favourite conductor, Hermann Levi, who conducted ‘ParsifaI’, Wagner’s paean to Christianity, and who was invited to be a pallbearer at the master’s funeral.
In light of his toxic and verbose animus towards all things Jewish, what sort of intimate conversations could Richard Wagner possibly be expected to have been able to have with Jews in his circle of friends, and what sort of discourse might he have enjoyed with the likes of his great admirer, Adolf Hitler? Would Wagner have approved of the Third Reich and all it connoted?
All links and videos are public domain.
Richard Wagner and the Jews – Milton E. Brener, 1930, McFarland & Co. Inc., ISBN 0-7864-2370-6
Richard Wagner – Hans Gal, 1973, Victor Gollancz Ltd, London
Forbidden Music, Jewish Composers Banned By The Nazis – Michael Haas, 2013, Yale University Press, ISBN978-0-300-20535-0
The Wagner Clan – Jonathan Carr, 2007, ISBN 978-0-571-20790-9
The Darker Side of Genius – Jacob Katz, 1986, University Press of New England
Aspects of Wagner – Bryan Magee, Panther, 1968, Granada Publishing
Wagner As I Knew Him – Ferdinand Praeger, 1892, Longmans, Green & Co
Wagner & Nietzsche – Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, 1976, Sidgwick & Jackson
My Life – Richard Wagner, 1911, Constable London
Wagner’s Ring and its Symbols – Robert Donington, 1963, Faber & Faber
Wagner, Rehearsing the ‘Ring’ – Heinrich Porges, 1876, Cambridge University Press
Why Mahler? – Norman Lebrecht, 2010, ISBN 978-0-571-26079-9
Fact And Fiction About Wagner – Ernest Newman, 1931, Cassell & Co Ltd
Cosima Wagner’s Diaries – Ed. Martin Grego-Dellin & Dietrich Mack, 1980, Collins
Letters of Richard Wagner, ‘The Burrell Collection’ – Ed. John N Burk, 1972, Vienna House
Monochrome photographs copied from The Wagner Clan above
Colour photographs and additional monochrome from archival Google open source websites.
Video 37a: Nazi Propaganda with Wagner
Video 37b: Hitler and the Wagner Clan documentary
Video 46: Furtwangler Meistersingers
Video 47: ‘Wagner’s Jews’